Plants often forming large clumps, rhizomes, if present,
with internodes shorter than 2 cm. Culms 1-3 m, often glaucous. Sheaths
glabrous or pilose; ligules 0.4-2.5 mm; blades 5-50 cm long,
(2)5-10 mm wide, usually pilose adaxially, at least near the collar. Inflorescence
units usually only terminal; peduncles with 2-6(10) rames; rames
5-11 cm, exserted at maturity, usually purplish, sometimes yellowish; internodes
sparsely to densely pubescent, hairs 2.2-4.2 mm, usually white, rarely
Sessile spikelets 5-11 mm, scabrous; awns 8-25
mm; anthers 3, 2.5-4.5 mm. Pedicellate spikelets 3.5-12
mm, usually well-developed and staminate. 2n = 20, 40, 60 (usually),
70, 80, 90.
Andropogon gerardii grows in prairies, meadows, and generally dry soils.
It is a widespread species, extending from southern Canada to Mexico, and was
once dominant over much of its range. It is frequently planted for erosion control,
restoration, or as an ornamental; the records from Washington and central Montana
reflect such plantings. It hybridizes with A.
hallii, the two sometimes being treated as conspecific subspecies.
Perennial herb forming large clumps, sometimes bearing rhizomes with internodes to 2 cm long 1 - 3.1 m tall Leaves: with hairless or soft-haired sheaths and 0.4 - 2.5 mm long, membranous ligules. The blades are 5 - 50 cm long, 2 - 10 mm wide, linear, and usually soft-haired on the upper surface (especially near the collar). Inflorescence: terminal, usually purplish but occasionally yellowish, with two to ten spikes 5 - 11 cm long, the internodes usually having white hairs 2.2 - 4.2 mm long. Fruit: a caryopsis. Culm: erect, highly branched above, 1 - 3 m long, usually covered with a whitish waxy coating (glaucous). Spikelets: either stalkless or stalked. The stalkless spikelets are bisexual, 5 - 11 mm long, and rough, and the stalked spikelets are male, 3.5 - 12 mm long, and well-developed. Glumes: minutely rough, often lined with hairs along the margins. The lower glume is thinly leather-like and has two longitudinal ridges that are usually winged. Florets: of the stalkless spikelets have a lemma with an awn 8 - 25 mm long and three anthers 2.5 - 4.5 mm long.
Similar species: Andropogon virginicus is easily distinguished because its inflorescences are shorter than 5 cm, the stalked spikelets are absent or rudimentary, and the florets usually only have one anther. Andropogon hallii differs by having awns (if present) to 11 mm long, ligules 0.9 - 4.5 mm long, and rhizomes with internodes longer than 2 cm.
Flowering: early July to late September
Habitat and ecology: This species is common in moist and dry prairies and is often found along railroad tracks. It is usually the only surviving prairie species after a habitat has been destroyed.
Occurence in the Chicago region: native
Etymology: Andropogon comes from the Greek words aner, meaning man, and pogon, meaning beard. Gerardii is named after French botanist Louis Gerard (1733 - 1819).
Author: The Morton Arboretum
FNA 2007, Field Guide to Forest & Mtn Plants of N AZ 2009
Common Name: big bluestem Duration: Perennial Nativity: Native Lifeform: Graminoid General: Native perennial bunchgrass 0.5-3 meters tall with seedheads forming usually 3 spike-like racemes, a stem base that turns purple when it matures, occasionally rhizomatous. Vegetative: Often forms large clumps; rhizomes, when present, have internodes shorter than 2 cm long; stems often glaucous with slightly swollen, dark-colored nodes; ligules 1-2 mm; leaves are flat or sometimes folded, 5-50 cm long, 5-10 mm wide, usually with long ha Inflorescence: Inflorescence forms 2-6 (usually 3) branches 5-10 cm long, usually purplish but can be yellowish; internodes sparsely to densely pubescent with whitish hairs 2-4 mm long; spikelets in pairs, are 4-12 mm long, one is sessile and scabrous and the other is stalked and covered with fine hairs, both are gray-green to purplish with yellow to red anthers; awns 8-25 mm long. Ecology: Found in dry and sandy soils in prairies, plains, mesas, juniper woodlands, and ponderosa forests at 1200-2100 m (4000-7000 ft) in elevation, flowers July-September. Distribution: Found in all states east of Nevada and Idaho. Ethnobotany: Used for erosion control, habitiat restoration, and as an ornamental; is used for forage for livestock Etymology: Andropogon comes from the Greek andros, meaning man, and from pogon, meaning beard; in reference to the spikelets' hairs, resembling a man's beard. Synonyms: Andropogon chrysocomus, A. furcatus, A. gerardii var. chrysocomus, A. provincialis Editor: Lkearsley2012