Plants perennial (often appearing annual); cespitose, with fibrous roots,
not rhizomatous. Culms 20-70 cm, erect to decumbent, glabrous or scurfy
roughened below. Sheaths rounded basally, apices glabrous or with scattered,
appressed, papillose-based hairs, hairs to 4 mm; ligules 0.2-0.6 mm; blades
2.5-13(18) cm long, 1-4.2 mm wide, flat to involute, glabrous abaxially, scabrous
adaxially, margins scabridulous, often also with a few papillose-based hairs;
flag blades ascending. Panicles 10-35 cm long, 4.5-30 cm wide, open,
diffuse, subpyramidal, about as long as wide, partially included in the uppermost
leaf sheath; lower nodes with 1-2 branches; primary branches 4-14
cm, capillary, spreading 10-80° from the rachis; secondary branches
spreading, without spikelets on the lower 1/3-1/2; pedicels 6-25 mm, spreading.
Spikelets 2.3-3 mm, purplish-tinged. Glumes unequal, linear-lanceolate
to lanceolate, membranous; lower glumes 0.5-1.7 mm, often without midveins;
upper glumes 1.7-3 mm, at least 2/3 as long as the florets, often longer;
lemmas 1.8-3 mm, lanceolate to ovate, membranous, glabrous, acute; paleas
1.7-2.9 mm, ovate, membranous, glabrous, often splitting as the fruit matures;
anthers 0.3-1 mm, yellowish. Fruits1.1-1.5 mm, obovoid, light brown,
translucent, occasionally rugulose. 2n = unknown.
Sporobolus texanus grows along rivers, ponds, and in wet alkaline habitats,
at 100-3300 m. It is known only from the United States.
FNA 2003, Gould 1980
Common Name: Texas dropseed Duration: Perennial Nativity: Native Lifeform: Graminoid General: Tufted perennial, appearing annual, with fibrous roots, stems 20-70 cm, erect to decumbent, glabrous or scurfy roughened below; sheaths rounded basally, with papillose based hairs to 4 mm. Vegetative: Blades 2.5-13 cm long, 1-4.5 mm wide, flat to involute, glabrous below, scabrous above with minutely roughened margins, flag blades ascending, ligules 0.2-0.6 mm. Inflorescence: Diffusely branched panicles 10-35 cm long, 4.5-30 cm wide, open, diffuse, subpyramidal, about as long as wide, partially included in upper leaf sheath; lower nodes with 1-2 branches; primary branches 4-14 cm, capillary, spreading 10-80 degrees from the rachis; secondary branches spreading, without spikelets on lower third to half, spreading pedicels 6-25 mm, spikelets 2-3 mm, purplish tinged; glumes unequal, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, 0.5-3 mm, at least two thirds as long as the florets; lemmas 1.5-3 m, lanceolate to ovate, membranous, caryopsis obovoid, 1-1.5 mm, light brown. Ecology: Found along creeks, ponds, and in wet alkaline habitats from 500-11,000 ft (152-3353 m); flowers July-October. Notes: Bears a superficial resemblance to Eragrostis intermedia. This species needs to be collected where of sufficient population size, to better understand its distribution. Ethnobotany: Unknown Synonyms: None Editor: SBuckley, 2010 Etymology: Sporobolus is Greek for "seed-caster", while texana means of or from Texas.