Plants (1-)3-8(-12+) dm. Leaves mostly cauline at flowering; blades broadly elliptic or ovate to lanceolate, 6-12(-18+) cm × 30-80(-120+) mm (including petioles), both faces sparsely pilose to hirsute. Bracts rounded-deltate to lance-deltate, (5-)10-15(-25+) × (4-)6-12+ mm. Inner phyllaries 8-10 mm, sparsely hispidulous to pilosulous, hairs 0.1-0.3 mm. Cypselae 2.5-4 mm; pappi 4-5 mm. 2n = 22. Flowering Aug-Sep(-Oct). Open or shaded, damp to wet places in pine forests and mixed forests, often on sandy soils; 10-700 m; Ala., Ark., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Kans., Ky., La., Md., Miss., Mo., N.J., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va.
Stems 3-10 dm, densely hirsute below, usually divaricately branched above and with numerous glomerules; lvs or most of them cauline, broadly elliptic to obovate, 9-25 נ3-10 cm, crenate, pilose beneath; glomerules 10-15 mm; bracts triangular-ovate, often longer than the glomerules; invol 8-10 mm, its bracts acuminate, resinous, thinly strigose; pappus- bristles gradually dilated into a narrowly triangular base; 2n=22. Dry woods; N.J. to O., Ill., and Kans., s. to Fla., Tex., and W.I. Aug., Sept.
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.